Phosphorus Recovery from Wastewater

Phosphorus Recovery from Wastewater

Urine, a product of human excretion, is a component of urban wastewaters. Urine is one of the richest and most accessible sources of phosphorus and nitrogen to make struvite that can be obtained by a precipitation reaction at basic pH, helped by magnesium dependence.

The laboratory activities in this toolkit are meant for pupils 15-19 years old. The laboratory activity is structured in a theoretical learning phase under the guidance of the trainer and two practical phases. The aim is to obtain the P recovery as struvite extracted from wastewaters (synthesized in the lab) by using very common materials.


Download all the Toolkit files (ENGLISH)

Download all the Toolkit files (ITALIANO)

Video tutorial for Module 1 (extraction of struvite):


Video tutorial for Module 2 (creation of the reactor):