The Raw Matters Ambassadors at Schools (RM@Schools) consortium wants to elaborate a strategic planning of dissemination capacity and methodology to improve the image of science & technology in schools for students of 10-19 yrs explaining the value of raw materials while promoting new professional careers in this sector. The best practice examples will be used for two educational approaches, one targeting school students in the age of 10 to 13 yrs, the other one for 14-19 yrs students. An active learning will be proposed to schools by involving students in experiments with RM-related hands-on educational kits. 14-19 yrs students will be also involved in the dissemination of science by using both their native and the English language to become RM Ambassadors themselves (peer to peer education).
The RM@Schools consortium comprises 18 Scientific Organization from 12 European Countries with complementary expertise in the field of Raw Matters and education. The consortium will activate cooperative processes between the three sides of the knowledge triangle: research, education, and business.
RM@Schools consortium will propose Educational Raw Material hands-on toolkits (experimental) and dissemination tools to be used during schools visits and actively involve the students. The toolkits focus on scientific and technological Raw Meterial issues and are designed for students from 10 to 19 years old.
The members of the RM@Schools consortium have already carried out educational projects on science and technology in their own countries with students in the age of 10 to 19. A network of research institutes, museums and/or companies will cooperate to create successful activities for secondary schools.
The National Research Council (CNR) is the largest public Research Institution in Italy and develops multidisciplinary research activities in many fields. CNR is distributed all over Italy through a network of institutes. CNR leads several breakthrough research activities on micro /nanotechnologies focused and applied on development of new processes for the substitution of metals and conventional fossil-based materials obtained from non-renewable sources by renewable carbon and bio-based innovative materials. CNR has a long experience in dissemination activities. Since 2003 CNR research scientists have promoted The Research Language (RL), a successful national dissemination project that involves every year about 4000 school students from 11 to 19 years, their teachers, more than 40 researcher scientists and popularisation experts. RL aims to turn on young people's interest in respect of scientific research, as well as scientific communication through their involvement in a popularization work. Every year classroom seminars with research scientists are organized on about 30 topics strictly connected with societal challenges, including RM. Students are asked to become “science popularisers" themselves to explain the seminar topic producing dissemination material (i.e. movie, comic strips, website, etc.). The best materials are awarded during an Annual Conference during which an exposition with all the dissemination products realised by students is realized. The successful approach of RL promoting an active learning through communication, will be shared and improved in the framework of the RM@Schools 3.0 program. CNR Institutes located in three cities (Bologna, Rome, and Milan) will contribute to RM@Schools 3.0
Wetsus, European Centre of Excellence for Sustainable water technology is performing research aiming for pre-competitive development of entirely new concepts and breakthrough technologies in the field of water treatment. A unique environment is created at Wetsus, where 90 companies worldwide and 20 EU knowledge institutes can participate to create innovative solutions to water-related problems. The institute carries out multidisciplinary research performed by 65 PhD students and postdoctoral researchers, mostly located in the Wetsus laboratories in Leeuwarden. Besides the research program, Wetsus also intends to increase employment opportunities in the technical sector for the future knowledge worker. Together with its partners they offer promising future prospects to youngsters and develop their talents and skills. This starts with inspiring education and offering interesting tools to the target groups. In recent years, many valuable initiatives have been launched in the field of water technology promotion, i.e. a Talent Program running for over 6 years in the Friesland Province (Netherlands) and consisting of 3 sessions with a series of guest lectures at schools given by ‘Water Professors’ and an excursion to a company, research institute or university. The students get the opportunity to become a “water professor” themselves. This project has reached over 500 schools (students from 10 to 13 years old) and is positively evaluated (average score of 8.9 on a scale of 1 to 10).
Réjouisciences of the University of Liege is dedicated to education and research on the RM topic, especially on the characterisation and the development of processes to recover materials from minerals and wastes. The group takes part in some popularisation activities linked to the RM problematic, such as conferences and open days at the laboratories (i.e. “Printemps des sciences”, promotion day of the engineering studies, etc.) and have realized events such as “The resources in my pocket” in collaboration with the Museum of the Metallurgy and the Industry of Liege to increase the increase the knowledge of youngsters on the RM used in the mobile phones, and "Raw materials on our daily table" (ex. linking phosphates to Coca-Cola; kaolin to tableware; carbonates to paper; iron to cutlery; lead ore to crystal; etc...). During events such as “The resources in my pocket” students are encouraged to dismantle mobile phones before recognizing the materials used in it and to relate these materials to resources coming from around the world. The activity is presented as a game: each group of students has a toolbox with a mobile phone, materials and ores samples, “materials cards” and “resources cards” that give some clues to help the players. This game/activity will be one of the toolkits to be used in RM@Schools project.
Clausthal University of Technology covers today in research and study programmes the whole range from RM to Material Sciences, over Mechanical and Process Engineering to Economics, and advanced Electronic Waste Recycling. It possesses a distinguished visibility in the area of recycling, beneficiation and material sciences and enjoys an outstanding reputation for its research in the field of mining (surface and underground). The University supports a well-established network with regional and nationwide industrial partners. Clausthal University offers a bouquet of different dissemination activities (i.e. visits in scientists labs, week-courses of lectures during the summer holidays, etc.). Moreover, Clausthal University introduced in 2004 the “Flying Science Circus”, a program where Scientists from University visit schools (pupils of 16 – 19 yrs) and explain their research with exhibits and hands-on experiments. In RM@Schools 3.0 the Clausthal University shares its methodological and experimental approaches customized on schools and successfully used in “Flying Science Circus”. Moreover, its expertise in preparing materials for supporting and increasing the teacher knowledge on RM as the indispensable and precious prerequisite of every high tech device will be precious in the consortium. Moreover, Clausthal University has a well-established network of regional and nationwide industrial partners, which will be gathered to complete the network between school and research centres in RM@Schools 3.0 project.
Technical University of Madrid (UPM) has competence in topics such as Recycling, Vaporization and Substitution of Raw Materials and train engineers in the fields of Energy, Geology, Metallurgy, Mining and Environmental Engineering, providing a quality educational offer that meets the challenges of knowledge and responds to the society needs. It has a large experience in organizing outreach activities to recruit students for engineering studies related to mining and petrol activities. UPM holds the Historical Mining Museum Don Felipe de Borbon y Grecia, one of the best Spanish museums for minerals, fossils and history and has a great experience in science dissemination. School visits are organised two days weekly with an attendance of about 120 students and their teachers. Additionally, it organises monthly Mineral fair, Workshops on recognition and use-fulness of minerals such as Gold Panning Workshops involving children between 4 and 12, its yearly Geological camp in Pyrenees. Moreover, it has a long tradition of collaborating with industry: Anefa, Atlantic Copper, CEMEX, CEPSA, CLH, CSN JUAN MANUEL KINDELAN, MAXAM, REPSOL, TECFUTURA SACYR, UNESCO for University policy and management, UNESCO TECLIN on Mining Heritage.
Key Experts role is to connect industrial partners within the project Akos KOOS - Head of Dep. for Bio Based Energy (Valorisation of bio based materials) Margo BALAZS - Dep. for Applied Microbiology (Mining and secondary raw materials) Katalin KURUCZ –Head of Dep. for Trends and Outreach(Valorisation of bio based materials) Zsolt ISTVÁN-Head of Dep. for Logistics (Recycling and Waste management) Bay Zoltán Nonprofit Ltd. (BZN), founded in 1993 as an applied research public foundation, now is the largest and most successful institution of applied research in Hungary, and it has collected a wide experience range on transferring research results into the market by actively participating to EU framework programmes. BZN plays the role of a "bridge of innovation" for the partner institutes through activities of applied research-development and technology transfer to enterprises. BZN annually organized European Researchers' Night in Hungary, the single most important science communication event in Hungary (a 15000 audience in 2014) since 2010. European Researchers' Night is also attended by many pupils: school visits as well as presentations for teachers are constantly organised. This event is a natural forum for wider society learning, well known and sought after among the public interested in science communication events.
Fraunhofer IFAM is one of the leading independent research organizations in Europe in the fields of Shaping and Functional Materials and Adhesive Bonding Technology and Surfaces. The focus of all the R&D activities is to provide customers with effective, application oriented solutions. Lightweight design at Fraunhofer IFAM is particularly concerned with fiber reinforced plastics containing glass, carbon, and natural fibers. The expertise ranges from resin development, design, component manufacture, and surface modification to automated assembly as well as joining technologies. Quality assurance is an absolute must in all phases – namely during the manufacture, assembly, and repair of FRP components. This is aided by Fraunhofer IFAM‘s comprehensive range of training courses. The training courses are a means of technology transfer, whereby technological findings and methods are passed on to industry. Since 2008, the Fraunhofer IFAM has been offering several, still ongoing programs to attract teenagers to STEM subjects, to foster their interest and/or to train them in this field or to motivate them to choose STEM subjects in academic education.
The research and education profile of Montanuniversität Leoben (MUL) is set along the value life cycle of products ranging from the extraction of RMs, toprocessing, production processes, product design, product distribution and recycling of end of life products to reintroduce them into the value life cycle. All study programmes of MUL are located along this cycle. MUL also has a long standing history in the mining industry and has thus gathered enormous expertise in regards to mining technologies and mineral economics. MUL takes part to “Raw Materials University Day 2016”, a communication campaign launched by the European Commission in the framework of the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on Raw Materials. The event is now run and funded by the EITRawMaterials KIC under the umbrella of the RawMaterials Academy. About 230 students and their teachers from schools all over Austria attended at the event. The event showed practical examples of career opportunities in RMs, also shown by repesentatives from industries, the highlight was a trip to the “SteirischerErzberg” (mine in Eisenerz) where the students were given a tour on a heavy goods vehicle with commentary from mine employees as well as watching rockblasting live. MUL has many contacts also with industries that are collaborative also in the dissemination actions towards youngsters.
Functional Materials, Substitution of Critical RM, Recycling and valorisation of RM The Faculty of Sciences and Technology of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa is a public university with ca. 8000 students and 500 professors and researchers. Is involved in 15 Doctoral Programmes funded by the National Science Foundation and has 11 research centres.It has a great experience in communicating scienceand forming teachers of young students from 8 to 17 years old (e.g. “Program with Schools”). Some of these actions are also open to society in general or can bespecially developed to the scientific community.During the school year, several exhibitions combining interactive participating activities and workshops areprepared by FCT-UNL with the aim of promote and arouse the interest of young students for distinct areas of applied science and technological development(e.g. “ExpoFCT”; see also here). FCT also promotes regular visits from students of secondary schools to its laboratories, namely from the Materials Science Department, Chemistry Department, Earth Sciences Department and Environmental Sciences and Engineering Department. It has several participations per yearin promotional actions in secondary schools, some of them in collaboration with the program “Ciência Viva” for young students (e.g. “Ciência Viva in the Lab”and “Geology in the Summer”) with national visibility and impact. Participation in popular science programs is also frequent with visit to schools with specialscience kits prepared in house. The departments involved have expertise in Functional Materials, Substitution of Critical Raw Materials, Recycling andvalorization of Raw Materials.
The Cybernetic Lab IMA/ZLW at RTWH Aachen University contributes to the methodologies of delivering the information through workshops, summer schools,labs, games, etc. This interdisciplinary institute is expert in education 4.0 processes and hosts teaching simulators as the virtual theatre as well as immersivemobile devices such as Oculus Rifts and Hololenses. Virtual education environments and processes are researched in a variety of empirical studies. The IMA/ZLWalso coordinates Monitoring- and Meta-Projects dealing with topics such as innovative capability or challenges of demographic change in order to derive future research and development demands as well as enabling a tailor-made transfer of results into politics and society at an early project stage. Main competencesthat IMA/ZLW master are the development of serious games, didactical concepts and using augmented and virtual reality in different contexts for evaluatingresearch questions. Apart from that IMA/ZLW participated in a EIT RM project, called aRAWness, and thus have experience with raising awareness in the raw material field.
The Department of Agricultural Sciences of Bologna University offers a diverse range of scientific disciplines that conduct their research activities and education in the RM topic. In particular, the scientific section of Agricultural Chemistry is engaged in the study of use and recycling of wastes as a possible remedy to recovery macro and micronutrients for crops. This group offers a range of different dissemination activities to schools through lectures and visits in scientists labs. On the basis of a long pedagogical experience, an experimental activity focused on phosphates as important economic resource for industry and agriculture, and on the environmental benefits of P recycling will be proposed in the RM@Schools 3.0 framework, and it will developed as a new toolkit.
KTH is responsible for one third of Sweden’s capacity for technical research and is the country’s largest organizer of technical/engineering education at universitylevel. KTH is organized into ten Schools, each covering a major field of engineering science. KTH education and research covers a broad spectrum from naturalsciences to all branches of engineering plus architecture, industrial economics, urban planning, work science and environmental technology. In addition to theresearch carried out by KTH’s Schools, a large number of national Competence Centers are located at KTH. Various research foundations also finance a numberof research programs. There are 12 400 full year equivalent undergraduate students, over 1900 active research students and 5100 employees. KTH is a lead partner in two programme areas within the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT): InnoEnergy and ICT Labs. KTH is also part of the EIT Raw Materials Consortium. The work within RM@schools will be performed at the Dept. of Chemical Engineering within the School of Chemical Science and Engineering at KTH. Thedepartment is active in research activities on hydrometallurgical process development for recovery of valuable elements from both consumer products (NiMHbatteries) and tailings (e.g. apatite, red mud). Within these projects separation techniques such as precipitation, supported liquid membrane extraction andchromatography on a preparative scale are developed to recover the valuable elements in economically and environmentally sustainable processes. KTH alsohosts Vetenskapens Hus (Stockholm House of Science), which can be a resource in order to reach out to schools and teachers in Sweden. Vetenskapens Hus, initiated in 2001, is a collaborative effort between KTH and Stockholm University with the aim to generate interest among K-12 pupils in science and technology. Vetenskapens Hus organizes various activities targeting school pupils and teachers and has a well-established contact net of primary and secondary schools inthe Stockholm region.
Tallinn University of Technology (TTÜ), the only technological university in Estonia, is the flagship of Estonian engineering and technology education. TTÜ is the leading engineering R&D institution in Estonia. The mission of TTÜ is to support Estonia’s sustainable development through R&D and science-based higher education in the field of engineering, technology, natural and social sciences. Here the synergy between different fields (technological, natural, exact, economic and health sciences) is created. TTÜ Mektory (http://www.ttu.ee/mektory) School of Technology is a place where children (primary and secondary school) get to experience the wonderful opportunities of science, technology and innovation. School of Technology bring together the TTÜ coolest lecturers, most awesome technologies and school students in a unique environment. Aim of Mektory School of Technology is to demonstrate how exciting science and technology really is and to inspire children to excel in STEM subjects. In raw materials field TTÜ is internationally well known in oil shale technology, chemical and materials technology research and electrical engineering. Research and development also included collecting and systemization of data for geological and technological modelling of sustainable and environmentally acceptable oil shale mining and evaluation of oil shale reserves. In addition groundwater movement, water removal problems were investigated. Methods of different environment problems like dust, noise, seismic waves and stability of undermined areas were developed. School of Technology supports; Training days and developmental programmes offered for teachers provide them with information about the newest scientific developments and innovations in technology, which they can integrate into lessons given in primary and secondary schools; Public courses are for everyone interested in science and engineering; Elective courses are held during the whole semester in cooperation with schools as part of their regular study plan; Workshops showcase all the cool labs at Mektory centre and offer children the opportunity to build, craft and program.
The Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU) is a central governmental agency under the Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation for matters relating to geology and management of mineral resources. At present SGU has about 237 employees and an annual turnover that totals 49, 5 M€. As the agency for geological tasks, SGU actively is working to increase to use of geological information and the understanding of the importance of geology and raw materials for society. Related to this work is the government-instigated project “Increasing public knowledge of the importance of geology for societal building and growth (N2013/4687/FIN)”, that SGU been responsible of (2014-2016). The overall aims have been to increase understanding of the importance of geology in society, and to contribute to improving the supply of skills for the minerals sectors and other associated sectors. The project and it results have generated a great response among stakeholders and recipients. Two of the most successful results from this project are the website “Geologisk”, digital teaching materials on the interaction between geology and society, for secondary schools and upper secondary schools, and “BetterGeo”, a mod (modification) about geology and raw materials for the Minecraft computer game. SGU has well-established national and international networks with industry, university and other organisations, and is part in several European initiatives and programmes.
The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) is a key player in research, development and innovation in four main areas: defence and security, nuclear and renewable energies, technological research for industry, fundamental research in the physical sciences and life sciences. The CEA is established in nine centers spread throughout France. CEA Marcoule center is the reference for research on the nuclear fuel cycle from front-end to back-end, including waste and on cleaning up and dismantling of nuclear facilities after shutdown. Located by the Marcoule site, the Visiatome is a science museum for the general public, operated by CEA since 2005. It is devoted to energy issues including nuclear energy and radioactivity. The Visiatome offers individual or guided visits of the permanent and temporary exhibitions, pedagogical workshops for science discovery (radioactivity, energy, atom, state of matter, climate, water, geology...). 22.000 people are received each year, including 12.000 pupils and young people. Every year the Visiatome offers events (conferences, exhibitions, thematicals evenings...). The most emblematic event is the science week, a national event in October. During 7 days the entrance is free, pupils and families can participate to workshops, experiments, science games, meetings with researchers. 1800 pupils and students and 1000 public visitors take part in this event. The Visiatome has a great experience in science dissemination, trying to combine knowledge with fun and joy of discovery.
UNIMIB has competences in Material Science field and in working with high school’s students. In fact, UNIMIB, since 2005 has been the coordinator of a National project, called "Lauree scientifiche on Material Science", financed by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research . This project aims to raise interest and competence in Material Science in students of secondary schools ,mainly through laboratory activities, as well as in their teachers. The on-going project (2015-2018), coordinated by Simona Binetti, involves nine Universities in different regions of Italy. In 10 years it has been addressed to more than 8.000 students and 300 schools. In Milano' area about 300 students a years are involved in education activities related to material science mainly carried out in laboratories of the Department of Material Science of UNIMIB.
The MAT4En2 group of Politecnico di Milano has been active to contribute to dissemination, carry out activity in communication/dissemination actions. Staff of the group has been already involved in presentation of news of scientific character, as well as lectures or labs activity for divulgating scientific concepts to a large audience. Moreover, direct experience of dissemination (seminars, meetings) with the non-scientific social communities (school, citizens) is already part of “know-how” of the group and constitute an important value in communication of science, in particular on environmental problems, at a non-academic level. Finally, the group has relationships with Companies involved in previous applied research project to favour a direct scientific and technological transfer of knowledge. Indeed, the MAT4En2 group, has get experience in organizing laboratories, stages and educational events for the students of both primary and secondary schools both hosted at the Department, where the group operates, or directly at the schools. Also the participation to events such as “Meet me tonight” or the “European Research Nigh” has been fundamental in order to reach a wider audience, also outside the scientific community, Knowledge on technical and scientific problems related to waste-waters treatment and metal recovery is part of the expertise of the group.
Geological Survey of Slovenia (GeoZS) is a public research institute with good knowledge and overview over mineral resources in Slovenia. In a role of Public Mining Service, GeoZS supports the national ministry responsible for mining in the area of mineral policy, sustainable mineral resource management and indicators on a national level. As government advisors we are preparing professional expertise for balanced mineral resources management and land use planning. GeoZS serves as a link between the governmental bodies and industry and has many experiences in conducting workshops that bring together different kinds of stakeholders (e.g. governmental bodies, research and educational institutions, NGOs and industry). Moreover, GeoZS performs geological workshops for pre-school, elementary and secondary school students and therefore has a well-established collaboration with education sector.
ECODOM considering the strong connections with WEEE treatment operators and the involvement in European innovative projects in the field of raw materials (SCRREEN, CRM Closed Loop Recovery, ProSUM, PolyCE) will provide the needed expertise for the RM recovery and valorization. ECODOM is a not-for-profit private consortium established as a Compliance Scheme by the leading producers of large household appliances, extractor hoods and water-heaters operating on the Italian market to manage Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). Since 2008 was active in raising awareness on RM-related themes with seminars and visit of treatment plant for students of primary/secondary schools and Universities. Luca Campadello is the WEEELABEX trainer of European auditors on the CENELEC Standard for the recycling of WEEE.